Tuesday, August 23, 2016

August 23 On This Day in Australian History


1770 - The period of European discovery and settlement began on August 23, 1770, when Captain James Cook of the British Royal Navy took possession of the eastern coast of Australia in the name of George III. 

1783 American Loyalist James Matra, who had also travelled with Cook, produced "A Proposal for Establishing a Settlement in New South Wales" , proposing the establishment of a colony composed of American Loyalists, Chinese and South Sea Islanders (but not convicts).
1814 - John Pascoe Fawkner received 500 lashes and three years' gaol in Newcastle for helping convicts to escape from Hobart. After his release he worked as a baker, wood merchant, and sawyer. He later became a founder of Melbourne in his spare time.
1818 - The Sydney Gazette reported the death in Sydney of ‘the elder 'Maroot’, chief of the Kameygal on the north shore of Botany Bay, who was hit on the head with a stone.
1822 - Gov Brisbane dismissed Rev. Samuel Marsden, Hannibal Macarthur and other Parramatta magistrates, remitted Ann Rumsby's sentence to Port Macquarie and granted her a free pardon.
1831 - Just after breakfast on a collecting trip near Amity Point on Stradbroke Island, William Holmes, 'Zoologist' or 'Keeper' at the new Colonial Museum, accidentally shot himself in his right chest with his own double-barrelled fowling gun whilst collecting a cockatoo. He died there before his companion, Samuel Saunders, returned with help. Saunders stated that Holmes' final words were, "Oh, my God, I'm dead."
1836 William Hobson, later the first Governor of New Zealand, arrives in New South Wales, Australia.
1855 - The Municipality of Glenelg was proclaimed.
1872 - The Queensland Government passed laws extending the Queensland area of responsibility 100km north of Cape York to the Torres Strait. This move was prompted by an increasing lawlessness in the Straits, and was proposed by Queensland Premier Palmer.
1894 When the Adult Suffrage Bill was read in the South Australian Parliament the women presented a petition which had 11,600 signatures and was 122 metres long. It was a success. On 18 December, 1894 women were granted the right to vote and stand for Parliament - this was the first legislation in the world of its kind. South Australian women were able to participate in the general elections of 1896.
1895 – Bushranger James Alpin McPherson, known as The Wild Scotchman, died aged 53.
1909 - Sydney's Long Bay Gaol opened originally as a Women's Reformatory, the first purpose-built institution of its kind in Australia.
1912 - Miss Anna Lock, a missionary who had established a school for Aboriginals, wrote to Charles Frederick Gale, Chief Protector of Aborigines, on behalf of the Australian Aborigines Mission seeking his assistance to secure a large area of land for an Aboriginal settlement. She estimated there were 130 natives in the southern district, ‘60 of them are children & about 70 half and quarter cast (sic)’. The site Miss Lock proposed was Government Reserve 9089, located about 30 kilometres west of Katanning near the confluence of the Carrolup and Carlecatup Rivers.
*This was not approved until 21st Dec, 1914*
1914 - While serving with the 1st Gordon Highlanders Lieutenant Leslie Richmond, born in Victoria, died at the Battle of Mons, and was the first Australian-born casualty of World War I.
1919 - The Moruya Examiner reported , "On Friday night last Pte. Frank Stewart was the recipient of the usual Shire address and a presentation from the Bay to honor [sic] him as a returned Australian soldier. The occasion was rather unique, in as much as the ceremony took place during the interval of a picture show. To this entertainment about 50 of Private Stewart’s friends and relatives from the Aboriginal Reserve had been invited. The presentation was made by Mr D F Mackay and was received by much acclamation and to the accompaniment of the indispensable leaf strains of music from the darkies [sic].”
 1920: The Friends of Irish Freedom condemned the British government and Prime Minister David Lloyd for its alleged mistreatment of the Australian Archbishop Mannix . In the middle of the high seas, the British navy arrested the archbishop aboard an ocean liner. The FIF declared that Britain and Ireland were in a state of war. 
1921 - Brisbane, Qld, was hit by an epidemic of the Bubonic plague.
1927 - The Federal Government imposed a tariff on imported rice to protect the local industry.
1934 - Victoria established a Section of the A.A.M.S (Australian Aerial Medical Service aka The Royal Flying Doctor).
1937 - All the island councillors gathered together formally for the first time in an historic meeting at Masig (Yorke Island) where they made a series of demands on the Queensland Government, including improved services, an end to unpopular regulations and the transfer of power from superintendent-teachers to local councils. Many of the Islanders’ demands were met.
1969 - After the shortest reopening of a railway line in the world of 13 days (for the filming of Mick Jagger's Ned Kelly) the Captains Flat branch line (NSW) between Bungendore Junction - Captains Flat was again closed.
1972 - NSW Director-General of Education approved the removal of the section of the teachers’ handbook that allowed school principals to refuse enrollment to Aboriginal children because of home conditions or substantial opposition from the community.
1973 - Federal Education Minister Kim Beazley Snr told parliament that agreement had been reached with the states for the federal government to take over the funding of universities and colleges of advanced education from 1 January 1974. The agreement also signaled the abolition of tuition fees for university courses and the introduction of a federally-funded student allowance of $1600 per annum.
1978 - The Anti-Discrimination Board released a 5 volume report on NSW laws and called for the decriminalisation of homosexual behaviour and the repeal of the Act.
1989 – One thousand six hundred forty-five Australian domestic airline pilots resigned after the airlines threatened to fire them and sue them over a dispute.
1992 saw West Coast go three quarters without kicking a goal against Footscray at Western Oval. The Eagles recovered to kick three last-quarter goals but that wasn't enough to avoid registering the lowest score ever recorded on August 23rd, 3.5.23.
1996 - Margaret Tucker, Australian activist and author, founding member of the Australian Aborigines’ League, died on this day. Founder of the United Council of Aboriginal and Islander women, first appointee to the Victorian Aborigines Welfare Board; her autobiography is titled If Everyone Cared.
1996 - The Djomi Museum of Cultural Keeping Place of the Maningrida Aboriginal community, Arnhem Land, was officially opened.
1996 - Thirty years ago after Aboriginal stockmen and station hands went on strike at remote Wave Hill station and captured world headlines, it was announced the places associated with their walk-off were being considered for national heritage listing.
1998 - The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission welcomed the Australian Olympic Committee‘s decision to allow athletes to display the Aboriginal flag if they were to win a medal at the Sydney Olympics.
2000 - Julie Regan was elected President of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras.
2003 - Controversy over Australian Aboriginal history entered a new stage with the launch in Melbourne at the Melbourne Writers Festival "Whitewash: On Keith Windschuttle's Fabrication of Aboriginal History"; Robert Manne commissioned 18 historians and other academics to answer Windschuttle’s accusations.
2005 - Australians who take drugs into Asia are stupid and should not expect to be bailed out by the Australian government, PM John Howard said after another two Australians were detained in Indonesia over drugs.
2005 - Australia’s government and moderate Muslim leaders pledged to join forces in the fight against terrorism and blend Australian values with Islamic teachings at mosques and schools.
2008 - In Somalia 2 Western reporters were kidnapped near Mogadishu. The next day the National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) named them as Amanda Lindhout, a Canadian reporter based in Baghdad but freelancing for French television and Canada's Global National News, and Nigel Brennan, a freelance Australian photojournalist. Both were released after 15 months and arrived in Kenya on Nov 25, 2009. Brennan’s family mortgaged their house to raise his ransom.
2012 - In line with the Expert Panel’s recommendations, the Australian Government announced that the Refugee and Humanitarian Program would be increased to 20,000 places annually.

Thursday, September 3, 2015

September 3 On This Day in Australian History

1809 - The Sydney Gazette reported that Bundle and Tedbury menaced a man named Tunks near Parramatta. Tedbury had been involved in several similar attacks.

1835 - J.H. Wedge wrote to John Batman, stating "that when on his arrival at the encampment, he found Mr. Aitkens, & Mr. Thomson connected to Mr. Fawkner, with in the limits described in our Deeds and they intent to persist in holding possession of our domain" ..I have told them that as we have purchased the land, and in part paid for it" Wedge was greatly concerned that he believed John Batman and his brother Henry, an advocate for using force, or instigating the (Sydney) Natives to molest them, formerly I think would be a bad police, because it would afford the Government a pretext for interfering, & of not confirming our arrangements with the natives" Wedge was well aware, Batman history when working for Governor Arthur and private businessmen in Van Diemens land, Wedge wrote "Under these circumstances I think it would be well for the proprietors to meet & discuss the proper steps to be taken, as suggested in Wedge letter to Mr.Simpson (3/9/1835) "I think it would be as well to offer them our assistance in negotiating a treaty with the natives".

1840 - The Australian newspaper reported that one “alert and sagacious” Aboriginal tracker together with Magistrate of Wollombi David Dunlop, pursued the Tunnel Gang for several hours through ravines and over precipices on foot where horses could not go until about eight miles off the northern road all tracks failed.

1878 - The Dunolly to Bealiba railway line (Vic) opened.

1880 - Four lives were lost when the three-masted wooden ship Eric the Red was wrecked about two miles out to sea in a south-easterly direction from the Cape Otway Lighthouse.

1880 - The Duke of Manchester arrived in South Australia on board the ship Sorata.

1855 - All property of the Sydney Railway Company was transferred to the New South Wales government.

1878 - The Main South Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Junee - Bomen.

1883 - The Benalla to St. James Railway line (Vic) opened.

1885 - The Main Western Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Byrock - Bourke.

1894 - The Cambus Wallace was a 75 m iron hulled steamer, carrying a load of whiskey and dynamite. It ran aground off Jumpinpin, the narrow neck of sand that joined North and South Stradbroke Islands. The ship began to break apart, six crew members were drowned, and much of the cargo was washed up on the sand. During the cleanup afterwards, the explosives were piled in a hollow between the sand dunes and detonated, blowing several craters in the sand and destabilising the dune structure in an explosion that was heard as far away as Cleveland. This was the first of two events which caused the island to be broken into North and South.

1901 - The new Australian flag flew for the first time from the top of the Exhibition Building in Melbourne.

1926 – The Canberra Times was first published.

1928 - Clifford Hulme was hanged at Fremantle Prison for the shooting murder of his employer Harold Smith.

1932 - For Sir Sidney Kidman's 75th birthday his employees put on a rodeo in Adelaide, which was attended by nearly fifty thousand people.

1932 - A 4.5 magnitude earthquake, centred at Mornington, Vic, was felt widely across Melbourne, Geelong, Mornington Peninsula, Westernport Bay and Gippsland. Minor damage. Largest earthquake along the infamous Selwyn Fault since the 5.5 magnitude quake of 1855 which occurred a few kilometres offshore Cape Schanck.

1939 - Australian Prime Minister, Robert Gordon Menzies, announced that Australia was at war with Germany.

1954 - The Piangil to Yungera (Vic) rail passenger service ended.

1972 - Mr Kep Enderby, Member of the House of Representatives, gave a notice of motion stating, ‘that this house is of the opinion that the lawns in front of Parliament House should always remain available to the people of Australia for the purpose of peaceful assembly to demonstrate political points of view in a manner of their own choice and that no limit should be placed on the duration of such assembly’.

1972 - Swimmer Shane Gould won a total of five medals in the Munich Olympics.

1984 - The Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 brought the Cummeragunja people a step closer to ownership by making provision for reserved lands to be transferred free-hold to local Aboriginal land councils. Under this Act the title deeds for the former reserve passed to its people this day through the newly created Yorta Yorta Land Council.

1993 - The Last rail passenger service to Mildura (Vic).

1997 - The Parramatta Correctional Centre shut up shop after 155 years.

1999 - Up to 40,000 Queenslanders living in remote and rural regions of outback Queensland were able to get a second commercial television service, as a result of an ATSIC initiative. ATSIC Commissioners Ray Robinson and Ian Delaney said on this day the extension of Imparja’s TV service to eleven remote and rural centres in Western Queensland was a ‘direct result’ of ATSIC’s funding for the new service.

2001 - The Australian Defence Force commenced Operation Relex to interdict vessels carrying asylum seekers. Between September and December 2001, 13 asylum seeker boats tried and failed to reach Australia’s migration zone: four were intercepted by the Navy and forced back to Indonesia; five were held in custody then immediately sent to Nauru; two were sent to Christmas Island and then Nauru; one was sent to Christmas Island and then Papua New Guinea; and one was the SIEV X, which sank.

2003 - Claims that radio broadcaster 2UE presenters John Laws and Steve Price’s comments about the openly gay stars of the Channel 9 program The Block would ‘incite the reasonable listener to hatred’ were heard in the Administrative Decisions Tribunal.

Wednesday, September 2, 2015

September 2 On This Day in Australian History

1805 The Sydney Gazette reported that 200 warriors plundered the farm of James Wiltshire at Lane Cove and tied up the servants before they were ‘dispersed’ by gunfire.

1824 - Settlement founded by Oxley at Redcliffe.

1835 - J.H.Wedge warned that the new settlers are trespassing on land bought by Batman from the Aborigines.

1840 - Explorer John Eyre wasn't a happy chappy when he named Mt Hopeless in South Australia in despair at the seemingly never-ending salt lakes.

1852 - Eugene von Guerard, artist, noted in his diary for this date; "One hears quite often of diggers disappearing suddenly, and long afterwards their corpses are found at the bottom of shafts into which they had fallen and been drowned in the mud. Among my new neighbours are several Chinamen who are thriving as butchers. They are frequent customers at my store, but can’t speak a word of any language but their own, so all our dealings are done by sign."

1873 - Lily Poulett-Harris was dropped off by the stork; she was an Australian sportswoman and educationalist, notable for being the founder and captain of the first women's cricket team in Australia, the Oyster Cove Ladies' Cricket Club, in 1894.

1884 - The Main Western Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Nyngan - Nyngan Junction, and from Nyngan Junction - Byrock.

1887 - The railway line from Brighton Beach to Sandringham (Vic) opened.

1899 - Queensland held a referendum on the constitution for the first time.

1901 - The Brewarrna Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Jct (Byrock) - Brewarrina.

1904 - The first Australian Open golf tournament was held at the Australian Golf Club at Rosebery, Sydney.

1905 - The Hobart GPO was opened at 10 p.m., when the Inspector of Public Buildings ordered the barriers which held back a large crowd of people be removed. A race ensued to determine who should be the first person to post a letter at the new Hobart General Post Office.

1922 - Best poet, playwright, humourist and storyteller since Shakespeare, Henry Lawson fell off the twig. Lawson became the first person in NSW to be granted a State funeral as a 'distinguished citizen' rather than a politician. Although much of his writing was acclaimed, Lawson suffered from a lack of funds, depression and alcoholism. He spent time in Darlinghurst Gaol between 1905 and 1909 for drunkeness and non-payment of alimony.

1927 - Mr S A Hanscombe Headmaster of Liverpool Public School sent a memorandum to the Inspector of Schools at Penrith on the subject of the enrolment of a band of Gipsies at Liverpool School. In his memorandum Mr Hanscombe stated that they [the band of Gipsies] expect to camp at Liverpool, for two months, all claim to be Australian born. He reported that he admitted eight children, listing them by name and age, although noting that in some case they appeared to be older than the age stated. He reported that they were all making efforts to master reading and writing. As he added, ‘I send this information so that you will be aware of the facts’.

1928 – St Mary's Cathedral opened in Sydney after 60 years of construction (you don't want to rush those gargoyles).

1939 - Prime Minister Robert Menzies broadcast a warning to the nation that the danger of war existed.

1957 – President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam became the first foreign head of state to make a state visit to Australia.

1968 - The Council for Aboriginal Affairs was established.

1972 - A Fundraising Party in aid of the CAMP Ink was held at 393 Darling Street, Balmain.

1983 - The CDC publish their first set of recommended precautions for health care workers and allied health professionals designed to prevent the transmission of AIDS.

1984 - During a shoot out between rival gangs ( Bandidos and the Comancheros ) outside a bar in Sydney, Australia in what was called the "Milperra Massacre" 6 gang members were killed and a young innocent girl selling raffle tickets was caught in the crossfire and murdered, while 28 others were injured.

1984 - The Victorian Premier, John Cain (Jnr), opened the first stage of the Loy Yang Power Station near Traralgon in the Latrobe Valley.

1988 - The Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA), located at the Paul Wild Observatory near Narrabri, is a set of six 22-m diameter dishes ('antennas') for collecting radio waves from space and is the only telescope of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere. It was officially opened on this day by The Little Aussie Weeper himself, PM Bob Hawke.

1995 - The Sydney Star Observer was published weekly from this date.

1998 - The Barossa & Light Herald, Tanunda, South Australia, became a free paper.

1999 - The Archbishop of the Anglican Diocese of Brisbane, The Most Reverend Peter Hollingworth, launched a policy for Anglican schools across Queensland called “Partners in Indigenous Education”. The policy was launched at West Moreton Anglican College.

1999 - The State Government announced funding of $80,000 for a drug, tobacco and alcohol education campaign targeting young people in remote parts of Queensland and Indigenous communities. Health Minister, Wendy Edmond, announced the Government would commit $50,000 and sponsor the 1999 100% In Control Croc Eisteddfod Festival.

2000 - The Gwabegar Rail Line (NSW) was opened from Kandos - Rylstone, from Rylstone - Mudgee, and from Mudgee - Gulgong.

2003 - Victorian Governor John Landy launched Melbourne’s first Aboriginal Cultural Centre to celebrate the living culture of the Koorie people.

2007 - The first extension tests on the Glenelg Tram. Flexity 104 and H class 351 and 367 were used. 104 ran with no problems but 351 and 367 made contact with the median strip on North Terrace rounding the curve from King William Street.

2010 - PM Julia Gillard edged closer to retaining power when an independent lawmaker said he would support her center-left Labor Party to form Australia's first minority government in almost seven decades.

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