Wednesday, May 23, 2018

May 23 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1797 - Margaret Catchpole stole John Cobbold's coach gelding, and rode it seventy miles (113 km) to London in ten hours. She was caught and sentenced to death at Suffolk Summer Assizes. The sentence was commuted to transportation for seven years, but on 25 March 1800 Margaret escaped from Ipswich Gaol using a clothesline to scale the 22-foot (6.7 m) wall. Again her sentence was death, commuted this time to transportation for life.

1827 - Explorer Charles Sturt arrived at Sydney on the Mariner in charge of convicts for New South Wales.

1833 - William Jones was hanged at Sydney for highway robbery on the Liverpool Road.

1833 - Robert Mullins was hanged at Sydney for highway robbery on the Liverpool Road.

1833 - Patrick Nangle was hanged at Sydney for highway robbery on the Liverpool Road.

1854 - William Thoroughgood was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the rape of seven-year-old Sarah Bishop.

1861 - John Hailey was hanged at Launceston for the murder of William Wilson at Cullenswood.

1861 - John Chapman was hanged at Launceston for assault with intent to murder Daniel Webb at Avoca.

1861 - Patrick Maloney was hanged at Launceston for the murder of Richard Furlong at Evandale.

1865 - James Lynch was hanged at Campbell Street Gaol for rape of his ten-year-old step-daughter Cathy Nichols at Port Sorell.

1870 - Ah Pew was hanged at Castlemaine for the murder of nine-year-old Elizabeth Hunt at Glenluce, near Vaughan.

1883 - Adelaide, deciding they couldn't contain their exotic wildlife to government alone, established the Adelaide Zoo.

1883 - George Ruxbourne was hanged at Armidale for the murder of Jimmy Young at Armidale.

1889 - Louisa Lawson, that formidable mater of the poet Henry Lawson, founded the Dawn Club which became the central hub of woman's suffrage movement in Sydney.

1890 - Ballarat celebrated with Victoria Park Arbor Day planting.

1892 – Frederick Deeming was hanged at Melbourne Gaol having been unsuccessfully defended by the lawyer Alfred Deakin. Deeming was accused of committing a series of crimes on three continents—theft, perjury, fraud, bigamy and murder; he used at least 20 aliases.

1903 - An AFL (not that it was known as AFL at the time but we digress) Premiership match was played in Sydney at the SCG in front of a crowd of 20,000.
Fitzroy (7 goals 20 behinds 62)
Collingwood (6 goals 9 behinds  45)

1927 - Five Melbourne men fronted the beak (judge) in court to be fined for playing billiards on Anzac Day of that same year.

1943 - Vultee Vengeance A27-208 of 12 Squadron RAAF, made a force landing on Dum In Mirrie Island, Port Patterson, after an electrical fire on board. The crew was Sergeant John Sheehan and Sergeant Williams. The aircraft was not recovered.

1960 - Due to the 9.5 earthquake off the coast of Chile the previous day the effects of a tsunami were felt along the coastline of NSW, Vic, SA, WA, QLD and Tassie. Slight to moderate damage to boats in harbours at Evans Head, Newcastle, Sydney and Eden.

1969 - The Ricegrowers' Co-operative Mills Ltd. rice mill at Coleambally was opened.

1969 - Maxwell Newton, journalist, editor, publisher and brothel owner, wrote an ‘exposĂ©’ of the government, pursued Gorton over his private indiscretions and printed confidential Liberal Party advice to Gorton on the timetable and tactics for the planned 1968 election. He also reproduced diplomatic cables between France and Australia. On 23 May 1969 the Commonwealth Police raided his business in Deakin and ransacked his home; they also accessed his bank records. The Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory deemed the search warrant to be invalid, but the raid and other acts of harassment ‘broke him’; they turned Newton into a ‘junky’, his daughter stated, ‘hooked on Mandrax’.

1971 - Queenslander Neville Bonner was chosen by the Liberal Party to fill a casual Senate vacancy, becoming the first Aboriginal member of any Australian parliament.

1972 - The government approved the production of the Nomad aircraft.

1982 - The first Wheelchair Tennis Tournament was held at the Cumberland College of Health Sciences.

1985 - The Sandy Hollow - Gulgong Railway Line (NSW) was thrown open for train-related business.

1989 - An earthquake near Macquarie Island left the coastlines of NSW and Tassie washed and lathered from a tsunami.

1994 – Police arrested Belanglo State Forest serial killer Ivan Milat at his New South Wales home. Milat is later sentenced to life imprisonment.

1995 - The Victorian Premier, Jeff Kennett, launched Vicnet, the Government's new open-access community computer network, at Melbourne Central.

2000 - The Federal Court determined that native title rights and interests existed over the Alice Springs Telegraph Station Historical Reserve, excluding areas of public works as defined in section 253 of the Native Title Act 1993.

2007 - PM John Howard and his Greek counterpart Kostas Karamanlis sealed a deal which concluded a decades-long debate over pensions for one of the world's largest expatriate Greek communities.

2009 - Australia thousands more people in the flood-hit east were told to leave their homes as gale-force winds lashed the coast. Emergency services said up to 20,000 people had been cut off.

2012 - The annual index by Business Review Weekly said Australia's richest person, Gina Rinehart (58), has eclipsed Wal-Mart heiress Christy Walton to become the world's wealthiest woman. The index put the mining tycoon's personal fortune at Aus$29.17 billion (US$28.48 billion).

2013 - In Vietnam Nick Vujicic (32), an Australian evangelical preacher, spoke before some 25,000 at a soccer stadium in Hanoi. He was born with a rare disorder characterized by the absence of all four limbs. His book “Unstoppable: The Incredible Power of Faith in Action" was published in 2012. It was son translated into Vietnamese by Nguyen Bich Lan, who shares Vujicic’s situation of being born with the rare disorder called tetra-amelia syndrome.

2017 - The "Bullet Train for Australia" political party was deregistered.

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

May 22 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1823 - William Poole was hanged at Sydney for returning from Port Macquarie in defiance of his commuted sentence. Originally sentenced to death for leading a party of convicts in escape into the hinterland, in the hope they could walk to Timor.

1824 - At the Newcastle Police Court  - William Moore, overseer of the mines. Charged with stolen property in his possession.
The Chief Constable stated - I received an information on Sunday that some of the property lately stolen from Mr. Henry Dangar was in the possession of Moore. I accordingly searched him and found the pair of worsted stockings now produced. I also searched his house but did not find anything that looked suspicious except a pair of duck trousers made in Kings canvas which I also brought away. Mr. Henry Dangar states.....I was robbed some time since of various articles of wearing apparel amongst which were some stockings. Those produced are of the same pattern with some I have by me. I have not any doubt but that they belong to me....The prisoner in his defence stated....I bought the stockings from James Usher for three shillings. I also got the trousers from John Thomas the sail maker. They are both free men and have lately been sent to Sydney....William Moore sentenced to sleep in barracks till further orders and to have his government man taken from him

1831 - Perhaps in response to earlier grievances, a group of Aborigines mounted an attack on the Johnsons' hut at Dairy Plains near Deloraine on this day while the mother (Aboriginal matriarch Dolly Dalrymple) was alone with her children. Armed with a musket, she held off the attack for six hours until help arrived. As a reward, the government granted her twenty acres (8 ha) of land at nearby Perth, where her husband Thomas Johnson erected a dwelling.

1833 - Midgegooroo was executed at the Perth Gaol by firing squad on a death warrant issued summarily by Lieutenant Governor Frederick Irwin, for the murders of Thomas and John Velvick at Bull's Creek.

1840 - An Order-in-Council was issued, removing New South Wales from the list of places to which convicts could be sent.
In lay persons words transportation of convicts was halted, ceased, desisted.

1851 - Those who would squeeze blood from a stone declared from the rooftops of NSW that any and all gold on both public and private property was ultimately owned by The Crown and should anyone have the urge to dig and delve they would be lightened of 30 shillings each month for the privilege.

1852 - James Barlow was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for murder by stabbing William Jones at a boarding house in Flinders Street, Melbourne.

1855 - Captain Sir Charles Hotham became the first Governor of Victoria under
( ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha, oh stop it, my sides are aching) Responsible Government.

1856 – First Parliament of New South Wales was opened by the governor, Sir William Denison.

1860 - The first parliament of Queensland opened.

1866 - First meeting of the Brisbane Football Club.

1870 - Serena Lake, evangelist and suffragist, held the first of her thirteen, crowded, Town Hall Sunday services in Adelaide, over 2000 listened to her sermon 'with breathless attention'; hundreds were turned away.

1876 - John Duffus was hanged at Castlemaine, having been handed in by his wife for the rape of his eleven-year-old daughter Mary Ann near Goornong.

1886 - Sin City aka Sydney probably let loose a tuppenny banger when the first cable tram trundled off from Milsons Point to Ridge Street.

1890 - The Waratah Bowling Club was formed.

1890  - The first form of flight ever in Brisvegas skies was claimed by a scantily dressed Valerie Van Tassel who made her first Brisbane ascent from the Exhibition Ground. Her balloon was some 6.5 metres in diameter and stitched from lengths of calico. She descended using a parachute, five metres across made from 'stout linen', to a spot near the old Brisbane Children's Hospital.

1891 - Royal Melbourne Golf Club was founded for those who like to belt the bejebus out of a small white ball.
Remember - golf spelt backwards is flog.

1901 - The Duke of Cornwall - who got a later gig as King George V - laid the foundation stone of Brisvegas' St John's Cathedral, and celebrated 100 years of construction in 2006.
Yes, tradies are as rare as hen's teeth.

1921 - A monster loyalty demonstration convened by the Mayor at the instigation of the local branch of the Returned Soldiers' Association, was held in the Railway Square at Quirindi.  Residents came
40 and 50 miles to participate. This was in response to disloyal persons who had flown the Red Flag in NSW.

1934 - Two newly installed guns test fired on East Point, Darwin.

1942 - Edward Joseph Leonski , US soldier and murderer aka The Brownout Strangler, was found by police at Camp Pell covered in mud from his third (and final) victim; he was arrested and charged with the three murders.

1950 The Williamstown Racecourse Railway line (Vic) was closed.

1960 - Due to a 9.5 earthquake off the coast of Chile the early effects of a minor tsunami were noted at Newcastle/Hunter River where  the State Dockyard reported a rise of 2ft 6in as the
maximum and the Maritime Services Board reported that the maximum change in tide was from 3ft to
5ft.

1961 - An earthquake occurred in New South Wales, Australia. Reaching a Richter magnitude of 5.5 and causing significant structural damage in a wide area it was felt from the Snowy Mountains to Newcastle, Dubbo, and Narrandera. An estimated area of 50,000 square miles. In the area of Moss Vale, Robertson, and Bowral, the earthquake caused significant structural damage to buildings. While rockfalls blocked the Macquarie Pass. Sydney suffered minimal damage from the earthquake itself, though the tremors and resulting power failures caused "considerable alarm".

1967 - Robin Elizabeth Dicks, celebrated nurse and aviatrix, began a series of flights which took her to remote areas, many of them occupied by Aboriginal communities. Because the Sabin vaccine was administered on sugar cubes by a woman emerging alone from a small aircraft, Aboriginal children called her 'the tchooger bird lady'. 

1970 -  The ABC Board held a crisis meeting with Postmaster-General Alan Hulme over the controversial ABC budget cuts targetting ABC current affairs.

1979 - Two lesbians were acquitted of offensive behaviour. They were charged after kissing in Hyde Park.

1981 - The Gay Counselling Service began to have a doctor on the premises every Friday.

1984 - Decriminalisation of homosexuality in NSW.

1985 - Queensland Netball Association became incorporated.

1986 - A lesbian and gay caucus was formed in the Administrative and Clerical Officers Association (ACOA) NSW Branch.

1994 - 11,500 attended the annual AIDS Memorial Procession from Taylor Square to the Domain.

2006 - At an address at University College, Dublin Prime Minister Howard described the campaign for gay marriage as “minority fundamentalism” and said it was not discrimination to deny same-sex couples the right to marry to students.

2007 - Launch of Disabled Justice, Banco Court, Brisbane.

2011 - Metricon Stadium was officially opened in QLD.

2016 - The AFL Womens exhibition match between the Melbourne Demons and the Brisbane Lions at the Melbourne Cricket Ground was won by the Melbourne Demons by 71 points.
Melbourne Demans - 14.7 (91)
Brisbane Lions -  3.2 (20).

Monday, May 21, 2018

May 21 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History


1804 - James Bevan (known as 'Warminster') was hanged at Sydney for the rape of eight-year-old Elizabeth Douglas.

1814 - The Van Diemen's Land Gazette on this day listed John Pascoe  Fawkner as aiding and abetting the escape of seven prisoners. Fawkner and Santos, who was apparently the convicts' leader, were tried before three magistrates in August and each sentenced to 500 lashes and three years labour.

1836 - The Stirling Castle, under Captain James Fraser, bound from Sydney to Singapore was wrecked on Swain Reefs off the Queensland coast. In August news reached Moreton Bay that the captain's wife, Eliza Ann, and others of the ship's company were being held captive by Aboriginals. A rescue party that included John Graham, an escaped convict who had lived for six years with the Aborigines, brought her back to Brisbane in August.

1840 - Captain Hobson was feeling his oats on this day when he claimed British sovereignty over the whole of The Land Of The Long White Cloud (NZ for those uneducated yokels) even though the haggling, bartering and compromises weren't yet done with.

1842 - Henry (Harry) Power, bushranger, also known as Johnson, was transported for seven years for stealing a pair of shoes, and arrived at Hobart Town in the Isabella.

1851 - William Collins' application for publican's license for the Racehorse Inn at Maitland was refused by the Bench after Major Crummer examined the premises and found them too small.

1853 - William Blandowski ( leaving no stone unturned in his career as expeditionist, geologist, goldminer, inventor, natural history collector, naturalist, public servant, and zoologist ) asked Lieutenant-Governor Charles La Trobe for an 'allowance' to enable him to complete his 'Illustrated Natural History of the Colony of Victoria'. Impressed by further correspondence La Trobe wrote to the colonial secretary that immediate steps should be taken to open a museum and stating that Blandowski was the 'most suitable person to employ'.

1856 - The world's first 8 hour working day was carved in stone by the marches and vocal noise of the stonemasons of Victoria.

1861 - William Landsborough was chosen by the Victorian and Queensland governments to lead a search for Robert O'Hara Burke and William Wills from the Gulf of Carpentaria southwards; when they  reached Williams's station on this day they learned that Burke and Wills had perished. With bulging tucker bags Landsborough continued his journey south and in October delivered the horses and gear to the authorities in Melbourne. He was fĂȘted as the first explorer to cross the continent from north to south.

1863 - Nathaniel Pepper, Aboriginal evangelist and teacher, at Ebenezer mission, near the Wimmera River married Rachel Warndekan, an 18-year-old, Christian Aboriginal girl from King Georges Sound, Western Australia.

1864 - The wonderful artist David Davies was pupped at Ballarat.
Go ogle some of his beautiful works.

1879 - The Geelong Railway Line (Vic) opened from the old-no-longer-in-existence- Queenscliff Junction to Queenscliff.

1896 - Radiologist Frederick John Clendinnen purchased his first X-ray apparatus from W. Watson in Melbourne for £5 13s. 9d.; he is acknowledged to be the first medical man in Melbourne to take an X-ray photograph of a patient.

1897 - Charles Hines was hanged at Maitland Gaol for the rape of his thirteen-year-old stepdaughter Mary Emily Hayne.

1906 - Aussies extended a warm welcome to the training Japanese Naval Squadron that popped in for a visit  - we weren't at each others throats...yet - until the Japanese-Russo War sparked the California School Board Crisis and we were told to stop playing and sharing our toys with the Japanese.
Hmph.

1912 – The steamship SS Koombana sank off Port Hedland during a cyclone killing the 126 passengers.

1922 - The Empire Settlement Act enabled the intake of large numbers of British immigrants. Over 200,000 assisted settlers arrived in Australia between 1922 and 1929.

1928 - John Sumpter Milner was hanged at Fremantle Prison for the rape and murder of 11-year-old Ivy Lewis at Darkan.

1930 - The ever shy and retiring little poppet *cough cough*, Malcolm Fraser, 22nd PM of Oz, was spawned in the Bunyip patch.

1948 - Brit pop warbler Leo Sayer, who now calls Australia home, was found in the munchkin patch.

1953 - The Advertiser announced that the first publication of its boys' magazine, the Eagle,  was on sale for ninepence. It was 'designed to capture the imagination of boys and satisfy their zest for adventure, their love of sport and their interest in the scientific marvels of the day'. It was claimed that the magazine conformed to the standards expected by parents and teachers.

1965 - The North Fitzroy to Northcote Loop rail line (Vic) was closed.

1968 -  Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi visited Australia.

1969 -  Union leader Clarrie O'Shea was released after six days in Pentridge Prison. The leader of the Victorian Tramways union had been jailed for contempt by Justice Kerr of the Industrial Commission after refusing to provide union accounts following non-payment of fines. It was later revealed that O'Shea's $8000 fines had been paid by Opera house lottery winner Dudley McDougall, in order to prevent a major industrial confrontation.

1970 - The Yellow House opened in Potts Point, Sydney. The innovative 'multimedia' space included an exhibition of artwork by Martin Sharp, a sound system by UBU's Aggy Read, films by Read and Philip Noyce, and tapdancing by "Little Nell" aka Laura Campbell (daughter of Sunday Telegraph columnist Ross Campbell and future star of The Rocky Horror Show).

1977 - Of the four proposals put to voters at this referendum, only three were carried. These related to Senate casual vacancies, giving residents of the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory the right to vote in constitutional elections, and retirement of federal judges. The rejected fourth proposal related to the introduction of simultaneous elections.

1980 - A man began shooting in a corridor in the Supreme Court of Victoria, where he killed three (including the brother-in-law of Mother Theresa) and wounded two others. He only stopped shooting when he ran out of bullets, and he was tackled by a bystander outside the court.

1982 - The first issue of The Star incorporating the Melbourne Star and the Sydney Star was published.

1987 - ACON launched the Safety Pin – an easily recognisable safe sex symbol.

1989 - 2,000 people led by the Premier, Nick Greiner, walked through Sydney to raise $40,000 for AIDS research.

1993 - Clover Moore’s anti-vilification legislation was defeated after a second reading in the NSW Upper House.

1999 – Eight decaying bodies were found in barrels in a disused bank vault north of Adelaide, marking the beginning of the Snowtown murders case.

2000 - The Airport Railway Line (NSW of course, Vic has not yet evolved to that level) was opened.

2002 - The NSW Council for Civil Liberties and the Redfern Legal Centre launched an SMS alert service, a key feature of which is www.snifferdogalert.com.

2003 - The NSW Legislative Assembly voted in favour of a lower age of consent for gay males in the Crimes (Sexual Offences Amendment Bill).

2003 - The NSW Upper House accepted the equal age of consent legislation with a number of child protection amendments.

2008 - Milton Orkopoulos (50), the former New South Wales state minister for Aboriginal affairs, was jailed for nearly 14 years on child sex and drugs charges.

2011 - : A medical centre in Bondi Junction was ordered by the NSW Supreme Court to pay almost $300,000 in damages to a man who was infected with HIV after his former female partner was wrongly given the all-clear by a doctor. The man would not have contracted the virus if the centre’s administration staff had updated his then-partner’s contact details and sent a recall letter to her current address.

2013 - Microsoft Corp. said it is expanding its services for hosting and processing online data in Australia with the establishment of two new "cloud" computing data centers in the country.

Sunday, May 20, 2018

May 20 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1786 - That convict lass celebrated for her escape, Mary Bryant, was charged at the Exeter Assizes with assault and robbery, convicted and sentenced to death. Her sentence was commuted to transportation for seven years, and she was taken from Exeter jail to the hulk Dunkirk off Plymouth, where she remained until transhipped to the transport Charlotte in the First Fleet for Botany Bay.

1799 - Simon Taylor was hanged at Parramatta for the murder of his wife Anne Taylor.

1804 - The last of David Collins' failed Sorrento Settlement upped sticks and hied themselves forth in high dudgeon to the Derwent.

1804 - The Sydney Gazette reported on a small success with the experimental " Vaccination upon several Children of the Military".

1804 - The Sydney Gazette gave a very good example of why street cricket didn't take off for a number of years when it reported,
"...a young child playing near the lower end of the Parade was tossed by a cart bullock, but the horn being only entangled in the clothing, the infant fortunately received no injury."
Six and out?

1818 - Poor old Father Jeremiah O'Flynn - remember, the priest without correct credentials? - he got booted out of the country back to the UK.
Couldn't just sneak any old crim into this country, ya know....

1819 - Gov Macquarie opened the Hyde Park barracks (designed for 600 male convicts)  with great ceremony and a special feast for the prisoners, and used the occasion to make convict architect Francis Greenway's pardon absolute.

1820 - Todays Hobart Town Gazette published Govt Orders bitterly complaining of frequent gunfire...
"THE frequent Discharge of Fire Arms within the Town, and even in the Streets of Sydney both by Day end Night, which has lately taken Place, to the great Annoyance and Danger of the Inhabitants,rendering it necessary to call the Attention of all Descriptions of Persons to this Circumstance, and particularly to require the Constables and Peace Officers to be prompt and vigilant in rigidly enforcing the present standing Orders, against all Persons who shall hereafter be found discharging Guns, Pistols, or Fire Arms of any Description whatever, within the Streets or Town of Sydney ; it is hereby ordered and directed, that the Constables and all other the Peace Officers and Watchmen, do seize and secure all Persons whatever, who shall after the present Date be found using or discharging Fire Arms in the Town of Sydney, whether by Day and Night, unless in lawful Cases of necessary Self-defence, and bring such Offender or Offenders before a Magistrate, to be dealt with according to Law ; and all Persons are required to take Notice, that whoever shall henceforth be convicted of using or discharging Fire Arms within the Town of Sydney, will be subject to Fine and imprisonment...."

1833 - William Carney was hanged at Sydney for the murder of Michael Keith at Penrith.

1834 - Dr.Richard Allan, Surgeon superintendent of the prison ship James Laing, died aged 37, when he shot himself while under a temporary derangement of mind.

1839 - Apparently the drought ended in NSW.
Liars!

1839 - Moreton Bay penal settlement really wasn't everyone's cuppa tea so it closed it's doors and was reinvented as a leisure resort for businessmen looking to hide their tax income...or some such.

1842 - Poor old Moses Burns/Byrnes was admitted to the Newcastle gaol as an "Incorrigible vagabond unfit for service". He was later returned to the Hyde Park Barracks.

1844 - Melbourne publicans led by Phillip Anderson of the Commercial Inn took revenge by wrecking one temperance meeting being conducted by popular temperance advocate Isabella Dalgarno in a violent free-for-all.

1852 - Charles Rudston Read was appointed by Lieutenant-Governor La Trobe assistant commissioner of crown lands at Forest Creek in the gold district of Castlemaine, at a salary of £500 with rations and forage. He issued licences, detected defaulters, guarded fees and gold, settled disputes and maintained an orderly field. Humane, popular, and understanding, he later wrote critically of the licence-fee system and the police on the diggings.

1856 - Former convict Walter O'Malley McEvilly was promoted librarian of the NSW Legislative Council library with a residence in the parliamentary premises. He was reported to have 'zealously and well discharged the duties of Librarian'. After his appointment the library more than doubled its 6990 volumes and important administrative changes were made.

1860 - First recorded football match at Green's paddock, Ballarat.

1862 - Explorer John McKinlay, who managed to retain good relations with the Aboriginals, found himself near the mouth of the Albert River but mangrove swamps prevented him eyeballing the Gulf of Carpentaria.

1863 - Charles Robardy was hanged at Goulburn for the murder of Daniel Crotty on the Boorowa-Murringo Road, near Willawong Creek.

1865 - George Gibson (alias Paddy Tom) –Bushranger. Hanged at Bathurst for the murder of Alec Musson at Pyramul.

1870 - The Bushmen's Club, (now the Salvation Army hostel) an institution apparently unique to South Australia, was opened by the Governor, Sir James Fergusson.
The idea was to establish a home for men down from the bush, a place to stay which catered for their needs without being expensive. The first premises was the Adelaide Court House, better known as Judge Cooper's residence, in the south-east corner of Whitmore Square. Additions were made over the years so it could accommodate 150 boarders and the Club operated for years.

1872 - James Wilkie was hanged at Castlemaine for the murder of Henry Pensom at Daylesford.

1873 - Pierre Borbun (Barburn, Borhuu) was hanged at Castlemaine for the murder of Sarah Smith, the publican's wife at the White Swan Hotel, Sunrise Gully, Kangaroo Flat.

1878 - A band of British teachers recruited by the Queensland Department of Public Instruction as capable of training local teachers rocked up in Brisvegas.

1887 - Locomotive 'Sandfly' began operating in Darwin and retired in 1950 presently located at the Parap Qantas Hangar.

1895 - Miore, a South Sea Islander hanged at Boggo Road Gaol for the murder of Francis Macartney at Avondale

1895 - Narasemai, a South Sea Islander hanged at Boggo Road Gaol for the murder of Francis Macartney at Avondale

1907 -  A three day conference began today in Melbourne designed to secure uniformity in meteorological methods throughout Australia.

1913 - A Royal Commission into the brick making industry of Victoria was established.
One can only ask....why?!
Were brickies secretly salting bluestone into the clay like Christmas pudd?
Were overly glazed bricks too shiny for sunny days?
Was it the 1970's Mission Brown choice of dye that upset the apple cart?

1927 - The Domain Rd site was approved for the Shrine of Remembrance.

1929 - The first Aussie airmail stamp was flogged to the masses, costing a mere threepence. Oh for the days when Aunt Mavis would cover herself in these stamps and have herself a happy holiday overseas....

1939 - The Alice Springs Hospital was opened.

1941 - Brit, Kiwi, Aussie and Greek forces defended Crete for 12 days against German paratroopers but were forced to retreat and leave the island.

1967 -  Rev. Ted Noffs claimed that drugs were present in about 60% of Australian schools and that the use of amphetamines and LSD was on the rise amongst Australian youth, especially in Sydney and Melbourne.

1974 - Ian Fairweather (b.1891), Scotland-born Australian artist, died. He lived for much of his life as a recluse on Bribie Island, north of Brisbane. In Murray Bail authored “Fairweather," a biography with color reproductions. The book was expanded in 2009.

1978 -  A representation of celebrated nurse & aviatrix Robin Elizabeth Dicks' Mooney aircraft was unveiled at Jandakot airport, Perth.

1982 - Eddie Mabo, Sam Passi, David Passi, Celuia Mapo Salee, and James Rice initiated proceedings in the High Court against the State of Queensland and the Commonwealth.

1990 - The first NSW Gay and Lesbian Rights Conference was attended by 80 people. 18 workshops covered violence and bashing to adoption.

1991 - Western Australia paid out $5.4 million in compensation to people infected with HIV through medical treatments and procedures, the first Australian state to do so. [Note: all other Australian states soon followed suit, except NSW who fight on for some time, before making lower payments than other states].

1991 - A Candlelight AIDS Rally & Memorial was held in Green park.

1997 - Good old Johnny Howard, only he'd be able to ignore a Human Rights report,  released on this date, that called for an apology for the govt policy of removing Aboriginal children from their families.

2001 - The Sunday Advertiser in Geelong, established in September 2000, suddenly dropped of the publishing perch when it ceased publication with no warning.

2002 - East Timor, with a population at about 800,000, celebrated independence. A legal battle loomed with Australia over the disputed Greater Sunrise natural gas field in the Timor Sea. The filed lay 95 miles south of East Timor and 250 miles north of Australia.

2005 - Australia stepped up diplomatic efforts to stop Japan from increasing its whale hunt, saying up to 35 countries were opposed to the plan.

2005 - The AMA released its 2005 Report Card: Lifting The Weight - Low Birth Weight Babies: An Indigenous Health Burden That Must Be Lifted at Winnunga Nimmityjah Aboriginal Health Service in Narrabundah, Canberra.

2005 - Pink, Pinkboard’s 10 year anniversary party was held at Arq. The website started in 1986 after Larry Singer discovered Viatel, a primitive form of internet provided by Telecom.

2006 - Australian Aborigines rejected calls for military peacekeepers to protect indigenous women and children from violence, as a new report revealed high levels of sexual abuse of young indigenous males.

2007 - Confessed Australian al-Qaida supporter David Hicks was transferred to a maximum security prison in his hometown after spending more than five years at the US military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

2008 - Patrick Dodson was the second Australian to receive Australia’s only international peace prize, the Sydney 2008 Peace Prize.

2009 - Australian authorities declared a state of emergency in Queensland as torrential rain and gale force winds caused extensive flooding and left one man dead.

2010 - Australian police raided 12 properties associated with Agape Ministries, led by Rocco Leo, and netted 15 guns, slow-burning fuses, detonators, extendable batons and 35,000 rounds of ammunition.

2015 - Cambodia accepted the first four people under an agreement it made with Australia nine months ago to take in asylum-seekers rejected for residency there.

Saturday, May 19, 2018

May 19 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1793 - Governor Arthur Phillip returned to England accompanied by Bennelong and Yemmerawanne. Following a six-month voyage, they landed in Falmouth, England on this day.

1805 - The Sydney Gazette was bemoaning the fact that so many furbabies had multiplied within the colony, or in their words...
"The prodigious canine increase within the last twelvemonth is as little surprising as alarming: go where you will you must patiently submit to be formally introduced by half a dozen domestic yelpers, who martial the way at the extreme danger of your calves. Upon many families the support of a number of useless creatures falls as a heavy tax; and yet, from some recommendatory qualification, imperceptible to every body but the owner, they must still be supported at the certain expence of those entitled by
nature to our first consideration."

1820 - Russian explorer Faddei Faddeevich (Fabian) Bellingshausen sailed merrily from Port Jackson for the Sandwich Islands where he made further discoveries, notably Ono Island in the Fiji group.

1825 - Francis Nicholas Rossi replaced D'Arcy Wentworth as Superintendent of Police in New South Wales.

1826 - Today saw the first issue of the Monitor newspaper in Sydney.
Gossip, ladies!
Shipping intelligence galore!

1830 - Polish explorer Strzelecki, having tripped over a large lump of land in south-east Victoria, named it Gippsland after the Governor of NSW George Gipps.

1837 -  Surveyor-General and explorer Sir Thomas Mitchell was a tad tired and emotional so he left Sydney on eighteen months leave.

1838 - The first Catholic Mass on Pentecost Sunday was celebrated in Melbourne with Father Patrick Bonaventure Geoghegan in the driving seat.

1845 - F.H. Faulding, the son of a surgeon, opened the doors of his business as a chemist at 5 Rundle Street.  His business grew rapidly as he made remedies for stock as well as people and he bought a site in Clarence Place, off King William Street, to give him more room for his manufacturing and wholesale business.

1854 - Ballarat Post Office opened cnr Mair & Lydiard Sts.

1861 - Helen Porter Mitchell, better known as Dame Nellie Melba, was pupped.

1863 0 The Flinders Street Baptist Church in Adelaide was officially opened with Rev. Silas Mead at the helm.

1869 - The Main North Railway Line (NSW) was flung open all over the shop, from Singleton to Muswellbrook.

1915 - Lance Corporal Albert Jacka won the first VC awarded to an Aussie for the action at Courtney's Post, Gallipoli.

1915 - John Simpson (Kirkpatrick), better known as The Man With The Donkey, was killed.After risking his life so many times to bring wounded to safety with the help of his donkey one has to question the idiots in the Army over the fact Simpson has yet to receive even one medal recognising the sacrifice that he made.

1924 - The Lidcombe - Cabramatta Railway Line (NSW) was opened for business from Sefton Park South Junction to Jct (Cabramatta).

1924 - Goble left Melbourne with Flying Officer I. E. McIntyre in a Fairey IIID seaplane on what became the first successful attempt to fly around Australia. The flight, carried out in often hazardous conditions, covered 8500 miles (13,676 km) in some ninety hours flying time before arriving back in Melbourne on this date.

1933 - Noel Jack Counihan , artist and revolutionary, while locked in a cart to impede arrest, addressed shoppers in Sydney Road, Brunswick, on the sufferings of the unemployed. Arrested and convicted, he appealed, won on a technicality and was released. The event became legendary in the fight for free speech during the Depression.

1941 - The Johnstone River Advocate changed its name to the Evening Advocate.

1942 – The prototype CAC Boomerang, an Australian designed and built fighter aircraft, took to the air for the first time.

1943 -  Billy Sing, credited with being the most successful and feared sniper in the Gallipoli campaign, died in Australia. The Australian-Chinese war hero was credited with having killed more than 200 enemy soldiers. In 2010 a television film, "The Legend of Billy Sing," raised the ire of the Australian-Chinese community because it featured a white actor as Billy Sing.

1948 - Federal Govt, making a sensible decision for once, announced that all railroad gauges would be standardised by 1951.

1949 - Royal Commission inquiring into the origins, aims, objects and funds of the Communist Party in Victoria and other related matters was established.

1950 – Cabinet agreed to send forces to aid the British during the Malayan Emergency.

1967 - A Morgan Gallup poll a week before the Referendum, found that people thought the chief effects of the amendments would be ‘better opportunities’ and ‘improved conditions’ for Aborigines.

1967 - Faith Bandler,  a tireless activist for Indigenous Australians, said:
“An aboriginal can’t get a house because he can’t get a job. He can’t get a job because he can’t get an education. And how can he be expected to get an education and a job if he hasn’t got a house to live in?”

1971 - The proposals of the Law Reform Committee was discussed at a General Meeting of CAMP Inc.

1975 - Federal Parliament voted in favour of groundbreaking reforms to family law, approving a "no fault" system which made 12 months' separation the sole grounds for divorce.

1979 - Inaugural Freds Pass Rural Show opened.

1986 - Performing Arts Centre was completed, now known as the Darwin Entertainment Centre. Opened by Commodore E.E. Johnston AM OBE.

1989 - Martyn Goddard replaced Tim Carrigan as editor of the Sydney Star Observer.

1991 - Manning Clarke became part of his beloved history when he popped his clogs.

1993 - A special HIV/AIDS edition of DEAFWIZE, the world’s first comic for deaf people was launched by Sophie Lee at ACON.

1996 - The annual Candlelight AIDS Memorial rally started in Green Park and ended in the Domain and was addressed by Justice Michael Kirby.

2002 – 19th Prime Minister of Australia, John Gorton, died aged 90 .

2008 - The Tasmania state government said the Tasmanian devil will be listed as an endangered species this week as a result of a deadly and disfiguring cancer outbreak.
Animal rights activists said Australian authorities have started the controversial killing of about 400 kangaroos on the outskirts of Australia's capital of Canberra.

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