Monday, August 3, 2015

August 3 On This Day in Australian History

1838 -  Select Committee of the House of Commons in Great Britain delivered its report criticizing transportation. The report recommended the abolition of transportation to NSW but was prepared to allow its continuance to Van Dieman's Land.

1840 - In an official letter to the Surveyor General on this day   Robert Dixon,during his survey from South Passage to the Richmond River, wrote of his sighting of “a very large encampment of natives….whose numbers must be above
300…..and they had a corobery the night before.”
Dixon’s location at the time was between Tallebudgera Creek and Point Danger, in the vicinity of Cobaki Broadwater.

1856 - Alfred Deakin , Prime Minister, was pupped in Fitzroy, Melbourne.

1899 - The Maitland Mercury newspaper reported that,
" A “blackfellow’s water-bottle of curious design” was found in the Wollombi district by resident of Watagon Creek, Mr W. Brown. The bottle was 10 inches high, appears to have been fashioned of clay on the end of a small round stick, and burnt until it assumed the consistency of potteryware. A plaster-cast of clay appears to have been put on the end of a round stick, and burned in the fire until it had become exceedingly hard. There seems to be two coatings on the bottle — an inner and outer — the sides being about a quarter of an inch thick, and the aboriginals are said to have used them for various purposes, such as carrying wild honey,water, or fire.  "

1900 - Women demonstrated at the Temperance Hall to petition MPs for the right to vote in Victorian elections.

1903 - 2 Premiership matches were played that year, both in Sydney; on this day Geelong defeated Carlton.

1918 - Australia House opened in London.

1952 -  Women athletes won 4 of Australia's 6 gold medals at the Helsinki Olympics. Marjorie Jackson won gold in 100-metre and 200-metre sprints.

1962 – The first members of the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam arrive in Vietnam.

1970 - Work on the Melbourne's West Gate Bridge was suspended for steel re-stregthening. Just over two months later a span of the bridge collapsed, killing 35 workers.

1971 - The West Gate Bridge Royal Commission found that project designers Freeman Fox and Partners were primarily responsible for the disaster, which killed 35 workers.

1972 - Dennis Altman and Sue Wills spoke at an Forum on Homosexuality at Macquarie University Union.

1974 - The first Reefer Cabaret show was held at the Dallas Brooks Hall, with Dingoes, Skylight, Wind and Skyhooks.

1984 - The Australian Broadcasting Corporation announced that gay couples would be treated on the same basis as heterosexual 'de facto' couples in regard to special benefits, leave, etc.

1986 - The Spirit of Progress galloped along the rails for the last time.
1986 - The Southern Aurora also galloped along the rails for the final time.
With declining passenger numbers it was decided to combine the Spirit of Progress and Southern Aurora into one train, the unimaginatively named Sydney/Melbourne Express.
The 3 hour 40 minute journey time of the 1937 steam-hauled Spirit of Progress service was barely improved upon by the fastest NSW TrainLink XPT  at 3 hours 20 mins.

1987 - A ‘gay premiere” of the musical Jerry’s Girls at the Footbridge Theatre, organised by the Knights of the Chameleons and Donnie Smith, raised over $4,000 for the Bobby Goldsmith Foundation.

1988 - 7 panels made in Sydney for the Names Project Quilt were flown to the US. They commemorated Gordon Cass, Bobbie Goldsmith, Colin Hamilton, Martyn Ilbury, Barry McGrath, Sam Nichols and Tone Wieruszewski.

1999 - Ms Jackie Huggins, co-convenor of the Documents Committee of the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation, held a press conference at Parliament House, Canberra. Ms Huggins outlined the process of nation-wide consultations with the aim of achieving the broadest possible support from indigenous Australians and the wider community on the Documents of Reconciliation.

2002 -  The fourth National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Visual Arts Conference became one of the key events of the 2002 Adelaide Festival. The conference covered issues from intellectual and cultural property, representation, and on-the-ground issues for Indigenous artists.

2003 - Plans were announced for an Aboriginal interpretive trail in Perth to link the Swan River, the cultural centre, East Perth and the foreshore within five years.

Sunday, August 2, 2015

August 2 On This Day in Australian History

1837 - An earthquake of unknown magnitude shook Newcastle (NSW) although miners under the ground were unaware of the shaking.

1849 - The police offices and court rooms in Melbourne were first opened in Swanston Street next to the existing Town Hall.

1851 – Gold was first discovered in Ballarat, Victoria, leading to the Victorian gold rush.

1861 – Edith Cowan, the first Australian woman elected as a representative in an Australian parliament, was born near Geraldton, Western Australia.

1873 -  The Adelaide, Glenelg and Suburban Railway Company opened a line between Adelaide and Glenelg via King William Street and South Terrace to Moseley Square, Glenelg on the route of the present tramway.

1900 - The Aborigines Protection Board minutes for this date record the discontinuation of rations to families in the Rooty Hill area, including the family of William Stubbings who was serving in the Boer War with D Squadron of the 3rd Regiment, New South Wales Mounted Rifles with Regimental Number 1533.

1929 - Great Northern Railway (later called The Ghan in honour of the Afghan cameleers who opened up the interior of Australia) finally reached Alice Springs on this day.

1945 -  Immigration Minister Arthur Calwell announced the proposal to take 50,000 British war orphans.

1957 - Both former Sackville Reach Aborigines Reserves Nos 23598 and 28546 (revoked 1946) were set aside for public recreation.

1965 - The ALP finally deleted the racist "White Australia" platform from its immigration policy.

1967 -  The premiere of ABC-TV's new drama serial Bellbird. Originally shown in 15-minute episodes on Monday-Thursday, just before the main 7pm news bulletin, the series was set in a fictional country town in Victoria (although the opening credit shots are actually the town of Daylesford). "Bellbird" soon picked up a huge and dedicated following and won a swag of awards over the next few years. By 1969 it had become the most popular drama series in Australian TV history, with an estimated nightly audience of 1.2 million viewers (around 10% of the then-Australian population).

1994 -  Sydney's The Rex Hotel’s 37 year old  Bottoms Up Bar closed its doors.

1995 - 'As long as I’ve got my doona ' – a report by 2010 (Twenty Ten Association) on LGBT youth homelessness was co-launched by the NSW Community Service Minister.

1995 -  The Commonwealth of Australia Attorney-General, the Honourable Michael Lavarch commissioned the Australian Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission to conduct a national inquiry into the separation of Aboriginal children from their families – to examine and report on the history and effects of Aboriginal child removals, improve service delivery to Aboriginal people, principles for awarding compensation and current Aboriginal child welfare.

1997 – Stuart Diver, a ski instructor, was rescued as the sole survivor of the Thredbo landslide.

1998 - Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras released an economic impact survey of the Mardi Gras season which estimated $99 million flow from this event, the majority of the expenditure being concentrated in the South Sydney Council Area.

1998 - In Amsterdam 300 Australian lesbians and gay men participated in the 1998 Gay Games, with half of the contingent coming from Sydney.

1999 - Banatjarl Health Summit ; held from the 2 to 6 August the Summit was a forum for Aboriginal people, organisations and communities to discuss their health concerns and examine ways of improving their own health.

2002 -  The Queensland Minister for Families and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Is-lander Policy Judy Spence opened  $2.5 million in infrastructure projects on Thursday Island, in the Torres Strait.

Saturday, August 1, 2015

August 1 On This Day in Australian History

August 1 OnThisDay in Australian History

1791 - The Third Fleet rocked up in Port Jackson.

1832 -  "After a couple of unpleasant murders" (as opposed to jolly murders) betwixt settlers and Aboriginal people in WA Stirling established the Corps of Mounted Police, under the command of Captain Theophilus Ellis, with a Mr Northcott as Assistant Superintendent, and orders were sent to Cape Town for horses.

1877 - Royal Commission on the Aborigines presented its final report to Parliament.
Following the 1877 Royal Commission on the Aborigines, the Reverend Frederick Strickland was appointed manager in the hopes to quell the swelling unrest that had been present since the dismissal of John Green, manger at Coranderrk.

1882 - The Mordialloc to Frankston railway line opened.

1883 - Scarsdale Junction to Scarsdale rail line opened.

1902 - The magazine New Idea was first published.

1905 - Grata Flos Matilda Greig became the first chickybabe to be admitted to the Bar in Victoria, and the first to enter the legal profession in Australia.

1916 - Just to confuse everyone (aside from the fact that the wattle is currently in bloom around Sydney) NSW adopted this date as Wattle Day.
*Everyone got together in 1992 and agreed to have a Wattle Day Knees up on September 1.

1923 - Melbourne bound "Adelaide Express" derailed at Glenorchy due to floodwaters.

1930 - The peasants were revolting!
A group of unemployed people left Port Adelaide shortly before 10 am and marched to the city demanding work or the basic wage and the removal of police from the waterfront at the Port. The party numbering about 100, said to be led by Communists, carried red flags and placards with inscriptions such as ‘We want work or full sustenance’.

1949 - The Snowy Mountains Authority came into being, initiating Australia's greatest feat of engineering in the 20th century.

1949  - The Australian government sent in army troops to work the mines during the extensive Coal Miner's Strike, effectively ending the strike.

1971 - Everyone travelling in cars in NSW were bound by law to belt up after this date.

1978 - The Terang (Mortlake Junction) to Mortlake railway line was closed.

1984 -  Australian banks were deregulated. Foreign banks were invited to operate in Australia on 10 September.

1987 - The Flinders St to St Kilda rail line was closed, (later converted to tram line).

 2007 - Mr Bruce Trevorrow became the first member of the Stolen Generations to successfully sue the state for compensation as a result of his removal from his family as a baby. Mr Trevorrow was awarded and paid compensation of $775,000, including interest.

Raelene Eaton & Yvonne Waters - still missing 41 years on.

Raelene Eaton was my cousin and she has been missing for 41 years.

If anyone has any information please contact Crime Stoppers 1800 333 000

Yvonne Kaye WATERS and Raelene May EATON were last seen at about 6.45pm on 07/04/1974 leaving the White Sands Hotel, Scarborough in the company of three unidentified male persons. Nothing has been seen or heard from either girl since that time. 

Raelene Eaton -
Last seen: Thursday, 07 April 1974
Year of birth: 1957
Height: 150 cm
Eyes: Hazel
Hair: Black
Complexion: Olive
Gender: Female
Distinguishing Feature: Raelene has a mole on the left side of her neck, and the bottom, centre tooth is fitted with a gold cap.
Raelene was last seen wearing a black skirt, pink top, brown platform shoes and carrying a brown shoulder bag.

.  photo EATONRaelene-WA_zps6eac0edf.jpg

This is Raelene's cousin Yvonne Waters who went missing with Raelene.
 photo WATERSYvonneWA_zps6ee547e2.jpg

Yvonne Waters - 
Last seen: Sunday, 07 April 1974
 Year of birth: 1957
Height: 158 cm
Build: Slim
Eyes: Blue
Hair: Brown
Complexion: Fair
Gender: Female
Yvonne was last seen wearing long blue trousers, long sleeved green top, brown platform shoes, carrying a tan shoulder bag.

Friday, July 31, 2015

July 31 On This Day in OZ History IndigenousHistory , LGBT History

1790 - Newton Fowell, a midshipman on HMS Sirius, wrote to his father from Batavia (now Jakarta):

"    … the Small Pox raged among them { the Eora} with great Fury and carried off a Great Number of them. Every boat that went down the Harbour found them laying Dead on the Beaches and in the Caverns of Rock forsaken by the rest as soon as the Disease is discovered on them."
Two young children, Nanbarry, a Cadigal, and Boorong (at first called Abaroo), from the Burramattagal, were brought into the settlement suffering from smallpox and recovered after treatment. There was no satisfactory explanation of how the smallpox was introduced.

1858 – The first game of Australian rules football was played between Melbourne Grammar School and Scotch College.

1865 - The first railway in Queensland was completed. It ran between Ipswich and Toowoomba.

1894 - The railway line from East Natimuk to Goroke opened.

1900 - Western Australia voted to join the Commonwealth of Australia.

1902 – Ninety-six men and boys were killed in a coal mine at Mount Kembla in New South Wales.
The disaster was the worst peace-time disaster in Australia's history until the 2009 Black Saturday bushfires in Victoria.

 1914 -  In an election speech at Colac in Victoria, the Opposition Leader Andrew Fisher (ALP) famously declared that ‘should the worst happen, after everything has been done that honour will permit, Australians will stand beside the mother country to help and defend her to our last man and our last shilling’.

1920 - Electric train services commenced from Princes Bridge to North Carlton,  from Clifton Hill to Reservoir, and  from Clifton Hill to Heidelberg.

1940 -  RAAF officers visited Milingimbi to inspect the new airfield, constructed by the mission’s Aboriginal residents Improvements were needed and the mission was again contracted to do this additional work. The Aboriginal workers widened the two airstrips and felled more trees, earning more money for the mission.

1942 - The town of Mossman in far north Queensland was bombed by the Japanese.

1943 -  A decision was made by the Royal Australian Air Force to store 40% of the chemical weapons stocks in a North Eastern Area site (a site in Queensland). Talmoi was subsequently used.

1951 -  Evonne Fay Goolagong Cawley, AO, MBE was born in Griffith, New South Wales; she is a former World No. 1 Australian female tennis player and is a member of the Wiradjuri people.

1956 -  Ernie Dingo was born on  Bullardoo Sheep Station in Western Australia. A Yamitji man, Ernie got his surname from his grandfather who was a dingo trapper.

1956 -The  Branxholme to Casterton passenger service ended.

1965 - The Governor of Victoria, Sir Rohan Delacombe, with Lady Delacombe, opened the Puffing Billy line section from Belgrave and Menzies Creek to Emerald in the Dandenongs.

1970 -  Sydney's historic Her Majesty's Theatre was destroyed by fire.

1972 - The Box Flat mine near Ipswich in Queensland was sealed off to contain a fire, still burning after seventeen miners were killed by a massive underground explosion. The force of the blast was so great that parts of some bodies are found almost 400 metres from where victims were working near the pit entrance.

1975 - Bob Hawke gave an early hint of his political aspirations, when he pledged to give up drinking if he were to become Prime Minister.

1981 -  The Royal Park to Fitzroy railway line closed.

1984 - When Ocean Boulevard was widened the War memorial which had stood near the cement works had to be moved.  Hon. Mr Abbott MP, on 31 July 1984 he also unveiled a plaque, placed near the memorial to commemorate the old Portland cement works. The plaque reads:
"Near this place a syndicate led by William Lewis established a cement works in 1882 which produced the first Portland cement made in Australia. The SA Portland cement company Ltd grew out of this enterprise which eventually became merged in the Adelaide Brighton Cement Company Ltd."

2002 - Judith Fletcher was appointed acting chief executive officer of the Sydney 2002 Gay Games, in the wake of Geoffrey Williams’ resignation.